Daisy Clayton

Daisy Clayton

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Daisy Clayton was born in Liverpool. The role of women changed dramatically during the First World War. As men left jobs to fight overseas, they were replaced by women. Women filled many jobs brought into existence by wartime needs. The greatest increase of women workers was in engineering. Over 700,000 women worked in the highly dangerous munitions industry.

The women working in factories began to play football during lunch-breaks. They formed into teams and played games against other factories. Daisy Clayton joined one of these teams in Liverpool.

Alfred Frankland, who worked for a factory in Preston, formed the Dick Kerr Ladies team. Frankland was determined to create the best woman's team in England. When he saw Daisy Clayton play he invited her to join his team. Frankland arranged for her to work in Preston. He also agreed to pay her 10 shillings every time she played for the team. This worked out at about £100 in today's money.

In 1920 Alfred Frankland arranged for the Federation des Societies Feminine Sportives de France to send a team to tour England. Frankland believed that his team was good enough to represent England against a French national team. Four matches were arranged to be played at Preston, Stockport, Manchester and London. The matches were played on behalf of the National Association of Discharged and Disabled Soldiers and Sailors.

A crowd of 25,000 people turned up to the home ground of Preston North End to see the first unofficial international between England and France. England won the game 2-0 with Florrie Redford and Jennie Harris scoring the goals.

The two teams travelled to Stockport by charabanc. This time England won 5-2. The third game was played at Hyde Road, Manchester. Over 12,000 spectators saw France obtain a 1-1 draw. Madame Milliat reported that the first three games had raised £2,766 for the ex-servicemens fund.

The final game took place at Stamford Bridge, the home of Chelsea Football Club. A crowd of 10,000 saw the French Ladies win 2-1. However, the English Ladies had the excuse of playing most of the game with only ten players as Jennie Harris suffered a bad injury soon after the game started. This game caused a stir in the media when the two captains, Alice Kell and Madeline Bracquemond, kissed each other at the end of the match.

On 28th October, 1920. Alfred Frankland took his team to tour France. On Sunday 31st October, 22,000 people watched the two sides draw 1-1 in Paris. The next game was played in Roubaix. England won 2-0 in front of 16,000 spectators, a record attendance for the ground. Florrie Redford scored both the goals. England won the next game at Havre, 6-0.

The final game was in Rouen. The English team won 2-0 in front of a crowd of 14,000. When the team arrived back in Preston on 9th November, 1920, they had travelled over 2,000 miles. As captain of the team, Alice Kell made a speech where she said: "If the matches with the French Ladies serve no other purpose, I feel that they will have done more to cement the good feeling between the two nations than anything which has occurred during the last 50 years."

Soon after arriving back in Preston, Alfred Frankland was informed that the local charity for Unemployed Ex- Servicemen was in great need for money to buy food for former soldiers for Christmas. Frankland decided to arrange a game at between Dick Kerr Ladies and a team made up of the rest of England. Deepdale, the home of Preston North End was the venue. To maximize the crowd, it was decided to make it a night game. Permission was granted by the Secretary of State for War, Winston Churchill, for two anti-aircraft searchlights, generation equipment and forty carbide flares, to be used to floodlight the game.

Over 12,000 people came to watch the match that took place on 16th December, 1920. It was also filmed by Pathe News. Bob Holmes, a member of the Preston team that won the first Football League title in 1888-89, had the responsibility of providing whitewashed balls at regular intervals. Although one of the searchlights went out briefly on two occasions, the players coped well with the conditions. Dick Kerr Ladies showed they were the best woman's team in England by winning 4-0. Jennie Harris scored twice in the first half and Florrie Redford and Minnie Lyons added further goals before the end of the game.

On 26th December, 1920, Dick Kerrs Ladies played the second best women's team in England, St Helens Ladies, at Goodison Park, the home ground of Everton. The plan was to raise money for the Unemployed Ex Servicemens Distress Fund in Liverpool. Over 53,000 people watched the game with an estimated 14,000 disappointed fans locked outside. It was the largest crowd that had ever watched a woman's game in England.

Florrie Redford, Dick Kerr Ladies' star striker, missed her train to Liverpool and was unavailable for selection. In the first half, Jennie Harris gave Dick Keer Ladies a 1-0 lead. However, the team was missing Redford and so the captain and right back, Alice Kell, decided to play centre forward. It was a shrewd move and Kell scored a second-half hat trick which enabled her side to beat St Helens Ladies 4-0.

The game at Goodison Park raised £3,115 (£623,000 in today's money). Two weeks later the Dick Kerr Ladies played a game at Old Trafford, the home of Manchester United, in order to raise money for ex-servicemen in Manchester. Over 35,000 people watched the game and £1,962 (£392,000) was raised for charity.

In 1921 the Dick Kerrs Ladies team was in such demand that Alfred Frankland had to refuse 120 invitations from all over Britain. The still played 67 games that year in front of 900,000 people. It has to be remembered that all the players had full-time jobs and the games had to be played on Saturday or weekday evenings. As Alice Norris pointed out: "It was sometimes hard work when we played a match during the week because we would have to work in the morning, travel to play the match, then travel home again and be up early for work the next day."

On 14th February, 1921, 25,000 people watched Dick Kerr Ladies beat the Best of Britain, 9-1. Lily Parr (5), Florrie Redford (2) and Jennie Harris (2) got the goals. Representing their country, the Preston team beat the French national side 5-1 in front of 15,000 people at Longton. Parr scored all five goals.

The Dick Kerrs Ladies did not only raise money for Unemployed Ex Servicemens Distress Fund. They also helped local workers who were in financial difficulty. The mining industry in particular suffered a major recession after the war. In March, 1921, the mine-owners announced a further 50% reduction in miner's wages. When the miners refused to accept this pay-cut, they were locked out from their jobs. On April 1 and, immediately on the heels of this provocation, the government put into force its Emergency Powers Act, drafting soldiers into the coalfield.

The government and the mine-owners attempted to starve the miners into submission. Several members of the Dick Kerr team came from mining areas like St. Helens and held strong opinions on this issue and games were played to raise money for the families of those men locked out of employment. As Barbara Jacobs pointed out in The Dick, Kerr's Ladies: "Women's football had come to be associated with charity, and had its own credibility. Now it was used as a tool to help the Labour Movement and the trade unions. It had, it could be said, become a politically dangerous sport, to those who felt the trade unions to be their enemies.... Women went out to support their menfolk, a Lancashire tradition, was causing ripples in a society which wanted women to revert to their prewar roles as set down by their masters, of keeping their place, that place being in the home and kitchen. Lancashire lasses were upsetting the social order. It wasn't acceptable."

The 1921 Miners Lock-Out caused considerable suffering in mining areas in Wales and Scotland. This was reflected by games played in Cardiff (18,000), Swansea (25,000) and Kilmarnock (15,000). Dick Kerr Ladies represented England beat Wales on two successive Saturdays. They also beat Scotland on 16th April, 1921.

The Football Association was appalled by what they considered to be women's involvement in national politics. It now began a propaganda campaign against women's football. A new rule was introduced that stated no football club in the FA should allow their ground to be used for women's football unless it was prepared to handle all the cash transactions and do the full accounting. This was an attempt to smear Alfred Frankland with financial irregularities.

On 5th December 1921, the Football Association issued the following statement:

Complaints having been made as to football being played by women, the Council feel impelled to express their strong opinion that the game of football is quite unsuitable for females and ought not to be encouraged.

Complaints have been made as to the conditions under which some of these matches have been arranged and played, and the appropriation of the receipts to other than Charitable objects.

The Council are further of the opinion that an excessive proportion of the receipts are absorbed in expenses and an inadequate percentage devoted to Charitable objects.

For these reasons the Council requests the clubs belonging to the Association refuse the use of their grounds for such matches.

This measure removed the ability of women to raise significant sums of money for charity as they were now barred from playing at all the major venues. The Football Association also announced that members were not allowed to referee or act as linesman at any women's football match.

The Dick Kerrs Ladies team were shocked by this decision. Alice Kell, the captain, spoke for the other women when she said: "We play for the love of the game and we are determined to carry on. It is impossible for the working girls to afford to leave work to play matches all over the country and be the losers. I see no reason why we should not be recompensated for loss of time at work. No one ever receives more than 10 shillings per day."

Alice Norris pointed out that the women were determined to resist attempts to stop them playing football: "We just took it all in our stride but it was a terrible shock when the FA stopped us from playing on their grounds. We were all very upset but we ignored them when they said that football wasn't a suitable game for ladies to play."

As Gail J. Newsham argued In a League of their Own: "So, that was that, the axe had fallen, and despite all the ladies denials and assurances regarding finances, and their willingness to play under any conditions that the FA laid down, the decision was irreversible. The chauvinists, the medical 'experts' and the anti women's football lobby had won - their threatened male bastion was now safe."

Alfred Frankland responded to the action taken by the Football Association with the claim: "The team will continue to play, if the organisers of charity matches will provide grounds, even if we have to play on ploughed fields."

Frankland now decided to take his team on a tour of Canada and the United States. The team included Daisy Clayton, Jennie Harris, Alice Kell, Florrie Redford, Florrie Haslam, Alice Woods, Jessie Walmsley, Lily Parr, Molly Walker, Carmen Pomies, Lily Lee, Alice Mills, Annie Crozier, May Graham, Lily Stanley and R. J. Garrier. Their regular goalkeeper, Peggy Mason, was unable to go due to the recent death of her mother.

When the Dick Kerrs Ladies arrived in Quebec on 22nd December, 1922, they discovered that the Dominion Football Association had banned them from playing against Canadian teams. They were accepted in the United States, and even though they were sometimes forced to play against men, they lost only 3 out of 9 games. They visited Boston, Baltimore, St. Louis, Washington, Detroit, Chicago and Philadelphia during their tour of America.

Florrie Redford was the leading scorer on the tour but Lily Parr was considered the star player and American newspapers reported that she was the "most brilliant female player in the world". One member of the team, Alice Mills, met her future husband at one of the games, and would later return to marry him and become an American citizen.

Dick Kerr Ladies continued to play charity games in England but denied access by the Football Association to the large venues, the money raised was disappointing when compared to the years immediately following the First World War. In 1923 the French Ladies came over for their annual tour of England. They played against Dick Kerr Ladies at Cardiff Arms Park. Part of the proceeds were for the Rheims Cathedral Fund in France.

Dick, Kerr Engineering was eventually taken over by English Electric. Although they allowed the team to play on Ashton Park, it refused to subsidize the football team. Alfred Frankland was also told that he would no longer be given time off to run the team that was now known as the Preston Ladies.

Frankland decided to leave English Electric and open a shop with his wife in Sharoe Green Lane in Preston where they sold fish and greengroceries. He continued to manage Preston Ladies with great success.

Daisy Clayton, like the other women in the team, stopped playing football when she got married.

I am indebted to the research carried out by Barbara Jacobs (The Dick, Kerr's Ladies) and Gail Newsham (In a League of their Own) for the information in this article.

In 1857, the town of Clayton was laid out and founded by Joel Henry Clayton (1812–1872) and his two younger brothers. Clayton was born in Bugsworth, now Buxworth, in the United Kingdom, and emigrated to the United States in 1837. After years in other states he settled down with his wife Margaret (1820–1908) at his town at the foot of Mount Diablo, where he and his family prospered. Clayton was named after Joel Henry Clayton, although only by the flip of a coin. Joel Clayton and Charles Rhine cofounded the town, and each wanted to name it after himself. If Charles had won it would have become Rhinesville, but Joel Clayton won. Joel and his wife Margaret both died in Clayton, and were buried in Live Oak Cemetery in what is now Concord, CA. [9]

Clayton prospered during the coal mining boom in eastern Contra Costa County. The post office opened in 1861. [10] Following a previous incorporation attempt in 1960, Clayton incorporated in 1964 [10] in order to stave off an annexation attempt in 1963 of the Cardinet Glen neighborhood by nearby Concord. After steady expansion during the 1970s to the east and west from its original boundaries, Clayton's land area more than doubled in 1987 to near its present-day boundaries with the annexations of the Dana Hills/Dana Ridge and Clayton Wood subdivisions, as well as the former Keller Ranch property that was developed during the 1990s with the Oakhurst Country Club.

Fires Edit

Wildfires have been a common occurrence in recent years as California had a major drought from 2011-2017.

On September 8, 2013, fire broke out on Mount Diablo. Called the Morgan Fire, it started at the mercury mine area of Morgan Territory Road. The fire grew quickly and threatened homes and livestock. Evacuations were ordered for several areas, including Oak Hill Lane and Curry Canyon. It took over 1000 firefighters and eight aircraft to extinguish it. Full containment was announced on September 14, 2013, having burned 3,100 acres (4.8 sq mi 1,300 ha). [11]

On July 25, 2018, a vegetation fire broke out on Marsh Creek Rd near Morgan Territory. One home and 3 out buildings were destroyed. Evacuations were ordered for that evening. By July 28 the fire was 100% contained. [12]

On August 16, 2020, Lightning strikes caused many fires across the state, one of which was another Morgan Fire which became part of the LNU Lightning Complex fires.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.8 square miles (9.8 km 2 ), all land.

Clayton is located at the foot of Mt. Diablo.

Climate Edit

This region experiences hot and dry summers. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Clayton has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps. [13]

On December 7, 2009, snow fell in Clayton and Concord for the first time since the 1970s. [14]

Climate data for Clayton, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 75
Average high °F (°C) 54.2
Average low °F (°C) 35.0
Record low °F (°C) 15
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.02
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 11 11 8 6 4 1 0 0 1 3 6 10 59
Source: Western Regional Climate Center (temperature & precipitation days, 1991-present), [15] PRISM Climate Group (precipitation, 1981-2010) [16]

The public schools which the minors of Clayton attend include: Mt. Diablo Elementary School, Highlands Elementary School, Diablo View Middle School, Pine Hollow Middle School, and Clayton Valley Charter High School.

Public libraries Edit

The Clayton branch of the Contra Costa County Library system is located in Clayton. [17]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19804,325 212.3%
19907,317 69.2%
200010,762 47.1%
201010,897 1.3%
2019 (est.)12,265 [7] 12.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [18]

The 2010 United States Census [19] reported that Clayton had a population of 10,897. The population density was 2,840.7 people per square mile (1,096.8/km 2 ). The racial makeup of Clayton was 9,273 (85.1%) White, 146 (1.3%) African American, 34 (0.3%) Native American, 717 (6.6%) Asian, 16 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 234 (2.1%) from other races, and 477 (4.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 982 persons (9.0%).

The Census reported that 10,887 people (99.9% of the population) lived in households, 10 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 4,006 households, out of which 1,455 (36.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 2,795 (69.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 301 (7.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 112 (2.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 136 (3.4%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 36 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 647 households (16.2%) were made up of individuals, and 310 (7.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72. There were 3,208 families (80.1% of all households) the average family size was 3.04.

The population was spread out, with 2,662 people (24.4%) under the age of 18, 602 people (5.5%) aged 18 to 24, 2,185 people (20.1%) aged 25 to 44, 3,846 people (35.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,602 people (14.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.

There were 4,086 housing units at an average density of 1,065.2 per square mile (411.3/km 2 ), of which 4,006 were occupied, of which 3,621 (90.4%) were owner-occupied, and 385 (9.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.7% the rental vacancy rate was 3.8%. 9,936 people (91.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 951 people (8.7%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 10, 2019, Clayton has 8,078 registered voters. Of those, 3,128 (38.7%) are registered Democrats, 2,685 (33.2%) are registered Republicans, and 1,888 (23.4%) have declined to state a political party. [20]

The Forgotten History of Father's Day

Father’s Day was not immediately accepted when it was proposed, and it did not become a national holiday in the U.S. until 1972 during President Richard Nixon’s administration. Why was it a hotly contested debate? Read the forgotten history behind Father’s Day.

With America’s history, you might think that a holiday recognizing men would be perfectly acceptable. After all, men dominated American society in the early 20th century. In addition, a “Father’s Day” or day that recognizes the role of fathers in the family is an ancient tradition. In history books, there is mention of a Southern European tradition dating back to 1508.

Certainly, in modern days, we do not give Father’s Day a second thought. It’s been almost 50 years since President Richard Nixon’s administration declared the third Sunday in June a day to recognize and honor the role of fathers in society (that occurred in 1972).

Father’s Day Controversy

Interestingly, Father’s Day was not immediately accepted when it was proposed. Why not?

Mother’s Day came first (it was officially recognized in 1914), so men in the early 1900s associated such a tribute to women and found the idea too effeminate to their liking. To be fair, Mother’s Day was couched in terms of femininity. In 1914, President Woodrow Wilson called Mother’s Day a way to recognize “that tender, gentle army—the mothers of America.”

Men viewed the idea of Father’s Day as similar to Mother’s Day, which was popular with florists for fathers it didn’t have the same sentimental appeal. As one historian writes, they “scoffed at the holiday’s sentimental attempts to domesticate manliness with flowers and gift-giving, or they derided the proliferation of such holidays as a commercial gimmick to sell more products—often paid for by the father himself.”

Also, according to Lawrence R. Samuel, the author of American Fatherhood: A Cultural History, men had a different role in the family during the first half of that century. It was patriarchal, so they felt that a special day to exalt fatherhood was a rather silly idea, when it was mothers who were underappreciated.

However, that sentiment changed over time for several reasons.

The Women Behind Father’s Day

Grace Golden Clayton

The first known Father’s Day service occurred in Fairmont, West Virginia, on July 5, 1908, after hundreds of men died in the worst mining accident in U.S. history.

Grace Golden Clayton, the daughter of a dedicated minister, proposed a service to honor all fathers, especially those who had died. However, the observance did not become an annual event, and it was not promoted very few people outside of the local area knew about it. Meanwhile, across the entire country, another woman was inspired to honor fathers …

Sonora Smart Dodd

In 1909, Sonora Smart Dodd of Spokane, Washington, was inspired by Anna Jarvis and the idea of Mother’s Day. Her father, William Jackson Smart, a farmer and Civil War veteran, was also a single parent who raised Sonora and her five brothers by himself, after his wife Ellen died giving birth to their youngest child in 1898. While attending a Mother’s Day church service in 1909, Sonora, then 27 years old, came up with the idea.

Within a few months, Sonora had convinced the Spokane Ministerial Association and the YMCA to set aside a Sunday in June to celebrate fathers. She proposed June 5, her father’s birthday, but the ministers chose the third Sunday in June so that they would have more time after Mother’s Day (the second Sunday in May) to prepare their sermons. Thus, on June 19, 1910, the first Father’s Day events commenced: Sonora delivered presents to handicapped fathers, boys from the YMCA decorated their lapels with fresh-cut roses (red for living fathers, white for the deceased), and the city’s ministers devoted their homilies to fatherhood.

Becoming a National Holiday

The widely publicized events in Spokane struck a chord that reached all the way to Washington, D.C., and Sonora’s celebration put the idea on the path to becoming a national holiday. However, the holiday did not catch on right away, perhaps due to the perceived parallels with Mother’s Day.

  • In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson and his family personally observed the day.
  • Eight years later, President Calvin Coolidge signed a resolution in favor of Father’s Day “to establish more intimate relations between fathers and their children and to impress upon fathers the full measure of their obligations.”
  • In 1966, President Lyndon Johnson signed an executive order that the holiday be celebrated on the third Sunday in June.
  • Under President Richard Nixon, in 1972, Congress passed an act officially making Father’s Day a national holiday. (Six years later, Sonora died at age 96.)

Commercialism and the Economy

Two economic events pushed Father’s Day forward:

  1. The Great Depression. With so many people pinching their pennies, the economy needed reasons for people to spend money. Father’s Day was promoted by struggling stores as an occasion to get fathers some of the clothing and material goods they needed. It was a way to invite people to get Dad the necktie or pair of socks that he probably would not buy for himself.
  2. World War II . Men were on the front lines. The desire to support American troops and the war effort provided another reason to support and show appreciation for dads.

The Changing Role of Fathers

The idea of fatherhood changed as well. It’s not viewed as the “feminine model” with flowers, but it has become more of a day that celebrates what Dad likes to do, whether it’s going fishing or flying or go-carting! It focuses on the larger roles that dads play with their children.

Partly, this change is due to the way society has evolved. There are no longer huge armies of workers toiling away in industrial factories, while women spend hours handstitching and handwashing the family’s clothes. The modern role of father has changed so that mothers and fathers are partners, each taking more responsibility within family life.

Fathers are now seen as significant influences on children we know from many studies what happens when a father figure is lacking. In a sense, today Father’s Day helps to demonstrate the importance and value of fatherhood—and the gifts beyond material goods that a father bestows on his children and family. See 5 important ways fathers impact child development.

Different Days for Different Dads

North America is not the only place where Father’s Day is celebrated, of course:

  • In traditionally Catholic countries such as Spain and Portugal, Father’s Day is observed on March 19, the Feast of St. Joseph.
  • The Taiwanese celebrate Father’s Day on August 8—the eighth day of the eighth month—because the Mandarin Chinese word for eight sounds like the word for “Papa.”
  • In Thailand, Father’s Day is celebrated on former King Bhumibol Adulyadej’s birthday, December 5.

Father’s Day Fun

What will you do to honor your father? It’s usually a great time to be outdoors whether camping, fishing, grilling, or stargazing! We have lots of ideas as well as quotes for your Father’s Day card.

For lots of ideas to celebrate dad, click here for our Father’s Day page!



Clayton in the original Tarzan.

With the introduction of Tarzan to the Porters' expedition, Clayton makes several unsuccessful attempts to get information on the location of the gorillas from Tarzan, who is far more fascinated by what Jane has to teach him about humans.

Days later, a cargo ship arrives to pick up the explorers and take them back to England, much to their dismay. As the ship's crew loads up their luggage and supplies, Clayton and Jane try to reason with the captain and request more time, but the captain refuses because he doesn't wanna fall behind his schedule. Clayton subsequently blames Jane for distracting herself with teaching Tarzan, but Jane retorts that she is just as upset about not being able to find the gorillas. With both his and his employers' goals thwarted, Clayton prepares to leave Africa with Jane and Professor Porter until he witnesses Tarzan asking Jane to stay while presenting her flowers. Realizing Tarzan has strong feelings for Jane, he fools Tarzan into thinking they will stay if he took them to the gorillas. This is, of course, not true—Jane will have had to return to England at some point anyway. However, Tarzan is convinced and has Kerchak, the head gorilla, distracted, so he can lead Jane to the gorillas. Upon arrival, Clayton secretly forges a map to the troop's home. However, Kerchak returns unexpectedly and is furious upon seeing the trespassers and attacks Clayton after the hunter threatens one of the family during a skirmish.

Luckily for Clayton, Tarzan manages to pin down Kerchak. Kicked out of the family by Kerchak, a crestfallen Tarzan agrees to return to England with Jane and the professor. However, when they board the ship, they are unexpectedly ambushed by the crew who have also turned on the captain and his officers. As Jane and her father are taken to the ship's brig to be imprisoned, Tarzan tries to flee the thugs but is eventually captured by them. The scuffle ends when Clayton intervenes and fires his rifle. Tarzan is initially relieved to see him and begs for his help, but is soon shocked by Clayton's casual behavior toward the situation and realizes that he is the leader of the thugs. After striking an angry Tarzan in the chest with his rifle's handle, Clayton reveals to him his plan to capture the gorillas and sell them to a zoo for three hundred pounds each (a substantial amount of money in the days when the film was set). In order to further emotionally damage Tarzan's spirit, Clayton sadistically reminds him that only by his own unknowing efforts would he have succeeded and orders him to be imprisoned with the other captives. He and his henchmen then leave in a small boat loaded with large cages and make way for the gorilla's nests.

The thugs reach the nests at night and begin to capture the gorillas, netting them, forcing them in the cages, and throwing the babies into burlap sacks. Kerchak tries to rescue his group, but is captured as well. Clayton slowly approaches the restrained gorilla leader and prepares to shoot him in revenge for getting attacked by him earlier, but is interrupted when he and his henchmen hear Tarzan's trademark yell. Tarzan and his friends, who have escaped imprisonment with the help of Terk and Tantor the Elephant ambush and frighten Clayton's henchmen (trapping some of them in the same cages they intended to trap the gorillas in), and free the gorillas, including Kala. Clayton is forced to take cover during the scuffle, but soon sets out to kill Tarzan for interfering in his plans.

The shadow of Clayton's dead body dangling from the vines.

From the undergrowth, Clayton shoots at Tarzan, but the bullet only grazes his arm. Kerchak, who has reconciled with Tarzan after he returned, is fatally shot when he charges at Clayton. After savagely knocking an intervening Jane aside with his rifle, putting her out of the fight, Clayton confronts Tarzan and they take their battle to the treetops. They both briefly exchange blows and nature versus civilization, but nature wins when Tarzan makes Clayton drop his rifle, which he grabs and points it at the hunter. Clayton teases Tarzan by telling him to be a man and shoot him, but Tarzan realizes that doing it will only make him no better than Clayton. In retaliation, he angrily presses the rifle's muzzle against Clayton's neck and instead mimics a loud gunshot, shocking Clayton. Tarzan then retorts he is not a man like him and smashes the rifle to pieces. After watching the pieces of his gun fall to the jungle floor, Clayton flies into a rage and pulls out his machete. A startled Tarzan jumps back to escape Clayton's furious swipes, then gets Clayton tangled up in a mass of vines. However, Clayton mindlessly slashes the vines, one by one with his machete in an attempt to free himself. However, he does not notice one vine slip and coil like a noose around his neck. Seeing this, Tarzan tries to warn Clayton to stop, but in his rage, the hunter does not heed to his warning and accidentally hacks the final vine holding him up. This sends him and Tarzan plummeting to the ground. Tarzan lands safely, but the vine runs out of slack and snaps Clayton's neck, killing him. Flashes of lightning briefly illuminating a tree behind Tarzan reveal the gruesome shadow of Clayton's hanged corpse swaying ever so slightly, the jungle having claimed him.

The Legend of Tarzan

A photo of Clayton with Lady Waltham in the Legend of Tarzan episode "Tarzan and the Gauntlet of Vengeance"

In The Legend of Tarzan episode "Tarzan and the Gauntlet of Vengeance", it is revealed that Clayton has a sister named Lady Waltham who planned revenge on Tarzan (whom she thought killed Clayton on purpose). Lady Waltham had her butler kidnap Jane, Professor Porter, Terk, and Tantor, hiding them in places all over the jungle with dangerous traps set to kill them. Before Tarzan could go to save them, Lady Waltham shot him with a dart, making Tarzan be poisoned, giving him a choice to suffer the way she did by having someone he loves die or suffer the way Clayton did and die.

However, after Tarzan saved her life, she gave him the antidote for the poison and finally understood that Tarzan never killed her brother.

In "Tarzan and the Race Against Time", after Tarzan was bitten by a venomous spider, Jane and the others learned that the only cure is the Mububu flower, found on the top of a waterfall. Terk began to feel jealous of Jane and thought that she was not suited for jungle life, so Terk made a bet that she could not make it. However, as Tarzan's condition worsened, Tarzan hallucinated Professor Porter as Clayton.

Daisy Clayton - History

Match Report Clayton Methodist v Daisy Hill (H) 30th April 1955

Whether it was the fact that a Football Cup Final was being played at Wembley, or merely the fact that spring in the air we shall never know, but certainly our opening match of the season started off more like a Rugby match than a cricket match.

How the sheep got out of the cricket field no one seems to know, but the fact remains that when 3-00pm arrived, sheep - and cricketers - were scattered in almost every part of Clayton except the cricket field. The scene was unfortunate but very entertaining. I understand the spectacle of the Secretary clinging grimly to the wool of a large ewe as it galloped gaily down the Avenue baaing loudly, was the funniest thing since (the cricket play) "Grandad". Although I failed to appreciate humour of the situation, I did appreciate the activities of Tim Priestley as he emphasized his powers of endurance and fortitude by leaping from rock to rock over Fall Delph like a roebuck fleeing from a forest fire, in pursuit of a particularly fearsome looking ram with horns like Old Nick himself. Whether he ever caught the obstreperous ruminant is shrouded in mystery, but one result of the chase was that, for all his efforts, Tin was demoted from no. 1 to no. 4 in the batting order.

The game eventually started under blue skies, and the two Kens &ndash Bradley and Ibbotson &ndash made Daisy Hill do some leather chasing. As the score steadily mounted, 10 &ndash 20 &ndash 30 &ndash 40, the faces on the field grew longer as the Clayton supporters beamed with happiness. Even the ring-side quorum of critics led by Messrs. Stead (R) and Storey were hushed into an admiring silence as 70 for no wicket came to the scoreboard.

Eventually Ken Ibbotson came to a well deserved 50, and Tim, Harold (Swaine) and Tom Butcher carried on the good work by adding a further 24, 9 and 21 runs respectively off the flagging Daisy Hill bowlers. So at 150 all out in a few minutes over two hours Clayton Methodists had hit their 'highest ever' total.

The interval as usual was highlighted by some excellent refreshments, which were 'par excellence' to the most pernickety gastronomist.
Even one of the umpires - a crotchety old fossil even in his most hilarious moments - was constrained to comment that "that war t'best tea I've ever 'ad at any cricket club. Why, there war actually some 'am in mi sandwich" - which of course is praise indeed.

The Daisy Hill batters were soon in the toils. Two overs of whirlwind fury from Michael
were more than enough for one opening bat who was beautifully bowled with the total at 3. The next ball was a hurtling full toss which flattened the middle stump and with only 1 run added, Tommy, who had been bowling very steadily from the Sunday School end had their no. 4 plumb lbw.

The next over Michael claimed another wicket and at this point Skipper Harold (deputizing for the absent Bill (Gross) who was unfortunately suffering from an attack of old-age rheumatism) introduced a potent mixture of cricketing science and applied psychology. As the next batsman approached the wicket - a certain Maurice Wood by name - that master strategist Harold put into action 'Operation Exodus'. With a curt nod and peremptory wave of the hand, Bradley - the mug of all Captains was dispatched complete with cap into the Avenue.
At least so it seemed to the spectators and most of the fielders one of whom was heard to remark :
"I see Bradley's slipped off for a cup of tea".
The Strategist then instructed his bowler - Tommy Butcher as it happened - to bowl him one "a bit short on the leg". Tommy duly obliged and the batsman duly responded by wafting it hard and high and handsomely to deep mid-wicket. The next part of the programme is told in the words of one, Eric Storey, who proved a faithful eye-witness:

&ldquoAll t' Daisy Hill supporters cheered wildly at the hit and then as t'ball started dropping ther wor dead silence, 'cos suddenly aht 'o nowhere we saw a navy blue cap, then a pair &lsquoo specs then a green scarf and t'ball seened to drop straight into all t&rsquothree things at once and we realized 'at Kenneth &lsquod copped it".

The back of the innings was now broken thanks to some good bowling by John Farley (3 wickets for 4 runs) and Stuart Hopkinson (1 wicket for 5 runs) and two splendid catches by Stuart Downey - one veritably plucked from the skies single-handed - the score finally reached a miserable total of 23 and the Meths had won their first two points.

Historical Dates

1086 Domesday Book " CLAITONE". Ilbert (de Lacey) hath it, it is waste.

1160 - 1316 During this time, Clayton belonged to the following Lords of the Manor, Hugh Stapleton, William de Stapleton, Jordan de Birill and Hugh de Leaventhorpe.

1324 - c1624 Clayton held by the Manor of Bolling and their successors. Bolling's, Tempest's and Lacies of Cromwell Bottom.

1740 Mary and Martha Midgley bought the Manor of Clayton for £100.

1778 Manor of Clayton was willed to Rev George Cooke of Everton.

1795 Clayton House was built by Mr Thomas Hirst, whose original ancestral home was Brightwaters, Clayton Heights.

1798 Manor of Clayton bought by Richard Hodgson of Whetley and then passed to his neice Sarah Jowett.

1801 Census Population 2040

1811 Census Population 2469

1819 Village school built by public subscription, on land given by Richard Hodgson

1821 Census Population 3609

1822 Land and buildings at Brow Top transferred to Timothy Wood, who built Brow Mill.

1828 (August) Clayton Baptist's recognised as a separate church by Queenshead Baptist's.

1830 (April 1st) Timothy Wood declared bankrupt. All property transferred to Samual Priestman of Kirkstall and Richard Ecroyd Payne of Leeds. Property leased to David Smith for 14 years.

1830 First Baptist Chapel built. Opened 22nd October. George Andrews pastor.

1831 Census Population 4459.

1831 (September) Indentures on sale of land at Bailey Stile, list Francis Simes, James Ridehalgh and William Sharp as Lords of the Ma nor of Clayton.

1834 (3rd October) Wesleyan Chapel, Clayton Lane, opened.

1838 Brow Mill Estate conveyed to Mr Joseph Fawthrop of Queensbury.

1840 Cousin of Sarah Jowett, George Baron inherits Clayton, then passed to the James Jowett family.

1841 Census Population 4347

1842 Dr Scoresby Vicar of Bradford, appoints Rev W Kelly to be curate in charge of Clayton, followed by Rev Galvin and Rev Francis Earle.

1844 Baptist Church extended.

1845 Press advert offering land for sale at Reva Syke.

1845-6 Beck or Holme Mill built by James Milner.

1846-8 Holme House built by James Green. Sold to Ezra Milner son of John Milner on 22nd Feb 1850. Ezra married James Greens daughter Martha on 25th May 1844.

1849 (29th May) Foundation stone of Parish Church laid.

1851 (19th January) Clayton Parish Church opened for worship.

1858 Wesleyan Methodist Sunday School built in Clayton Lane.

1858 (18th October) Meeting in village school to form Co-operative Society.

1858 North Bierley Union Workhouse opened to serve 6 parishes and house 250 paupers and destitutes. Workhouse Fold now Ramsden Place was the old workhouse.

1859 (23rd October) Clayton National School opened. Built in Gothic Style like the recently completed Church and Vicarage.

1860 Clayton Industrial Society in Co-op Fold.

1860 Part of Brow Mill leased to J Benn and Co

1860 (21st January) School bell tower damaged by gale.

1860 (14th August) First Court Baron of James Atkinson Jowett held at the Old Dolphin Inn, before Mr A B Hooper who, with the Jury perambulated the boundaries with 200 inhabitants of Clayton.

1861 Census Population 5656

1862 (1st July) Beck Mill leased too J Benn and Co and too Soloman Barsdorf and Co. Brow mill now vacant. 1863 (5th May) Rev J.C.Hyett moved that Queenshead should be renamed Queensbury. Prior to 1702 it was known as Causeway End

1864 (July) New Co-op building

1864 New organ installed at Wesleyan Chapel

1865 Allerton Clayton and Thornton Gas co established in Low Lane.

1865 (6th April) Beck Mill Cricket Club formed by employees of J Benn and S Barsdorf

1865 (September) English Cholera still very prevelent in the village.

1866 ( 10th January) The Local Board adopt the Local Government Act.

1866 April, First meeting of the Local Board.

1866 Consent given for sale of Cowgill field for a mill.

1867 Cowgill Field sold by James Atkinson Jowett to messrs Benn, Wallis and Briggs.

1867 (25th November) Committee formed to protect village school. James Jowett wanting to demolish school and build elsewhere, to enable him to quarry stone under school.

1868 (April) Formation of Clayton Working Mens Club.

1868 (October) Scarletina very prevalent in village. Several reported deaths.

1868 - 1869 Construction of Oak Mills.

1871 Building of Horton Bank Reservoir commenced.

1871 National School extended for infants. Heating installed.

1871 -1872 Baptist school built opposite todays library.

1871 Bradford and Thornton Railway Act passed.

1872 (14th February) Formation of the Clayton Consrvative Association. House rented next to the Black Bull on the 27th September. Clayton Constitutional Club. First president Lt Col Henry Sagar Hirst.

1872 Formation of Clayton Liberal Club, at premises on Druids Street.

1872 Watermain laid in Pasture Lane by Bradford Corporation.

1873 Baptist Infant School opened. Taken over by Board School in 1891.

1874 Horton Bank Top reservoir completed.

1874 (June) Work commenced on Queensbury Tunnel.

1875 Some paupers were housed in a small workhouse at Sharket Head off Thornton Rd, Queensbury.

1875 (21st August) The ceremonial removal of the first sod on Jacobs Croft, in readiness for the building of the new Liberal Club

1876 (March) Clayton Conservative Club pulled down. Anybody know where this was?

1877 (22nd December) Formal opening of the Liberal Club. Built in the Italian Style. Mr John Drake Architect.

1877 First trains run to Clayton.

1877 (3rd April) Streets in the village given names. Resolved that street name plates should be white lettering on blue background.

1878 (May) Wesleyan shool opened opposite side of the road to the chapel. Built in the Gothic style. Mr John Drake, Architect.

1878 (October) Queensbury Tunnel opened to Halifax.

1879 (30th December) Brow Mill Estate sold to Abraham Kershaw.

1879 Clock built into church tower.

1879 (February) John Milner dies aged 91

1879 (March) John Foster of Queensbury dies

1880 Julius Whitehead starts his Fire Clay business. Residence Ashby House, Cockin Lane.

1881 Amalgamation of Conservative and Liberal Unionists.

1881 (6th September) Samual Barsdorf dies while visiting Germany. Interred at Undercliffe cemetry.

1882 West View built by John Kershaw son of Samual Kershaw.

1882 Baptist Church demolished (Dry Rot)

1882 (28th September) Dissolution of partnership between Joseph Benn on one part and Asa Briggs and Alfred Wallis.

1884 (February) Foundation stone for new Baptist Chapel laid.

1888 Wesleyan Chapel rebuilt .Opened 22nd May 1889.

1890 Foundation stone for Baptist school laid by Mr Edward Hirst. Opened 31st October 1891.

1892 ( January) Land bought from Mr J.H.Ward and Mrs Sarah Riley on which to build Clayton Conservative and Unionist Club in Station Road.

1893 (17th May) New Conservative Club opened by Lord Randolf Churchill.

1894 (April) Local Government Act passed.

1895 Under the above act The Local Board ceased to exist and was replaced by the Urban District Council.

1895 ( January) First council meeting.

1897 (March) Council Meeting. Proposal to buy village green and turn it into a park.

1897 Tenders requested for drainage and sewage works. Land House Farm purchased and sewage works opened in 1899.

1897 - 1898 Board School built. Opened 3rd October 1898.

1898 Dissolution of partnership between Asa Briggs and Alfred Wallis. Alfred Wallis became sole owner of J Benn & co. Oak Mills.

1900 (7th July) Largest fossil tree ever found, discovered at Fall Top Quarries. 1904 (30th June) Public Auction of Brow Top Estate. including West View.

1904 ( 23rd August) Brow Mill Estate sold to Mathew Stansfield.

1906 Clayton Golf Club inaugurated

1907 Wesleyan Sunday School extended.

1907 Brow Top Farm sold to Sam Priestley by Fred Briggs of 409 Southfield Lane, who had bought it by auction on 11th June 1907. Sam Priestley was already occupying the farm.

1907 (26th July) Brow Mill sold to James Ogden and Daniel Bateman, Worsted Coating Manufacturers. Mill unoccupied between 1907 - 1918.

1907 (9th December) West View sold to Lucy Sowden, of Ferncliffe House.

1913 (13th March) Death of Alfred Wallis aged 84 at Glenholme.

1918 (4th November) Brow Mill with all fixtures and fittings sold to, William Wallace Firth, Metal Broker of 3 Ryan Street, Bradford.

1921 (2nd November) Application granted to Mr Derby Burnley, to run bus services between Lidget Green and Clayton.

1922 - 1923 The Avenue built, from Town Gate to Bailey Stile

1926 Bradford Corporation bus service begins to Clayton.

1928 (10 March) Gospel Hall opensed by senior elder Mr Richard Stammers.

1930 ( 1st April) Clayton incorporated into Bradford.

1933 Brow Mill demolished by Thomas Pickles. Stone sold for building.

1933 St Johns Church clock refurbished and new clock face added, to face up the Avenue.

1947 Lidget Grange purchased by Catholic Church.

1952 Larchmont First School built.

1954 St Anthony`s Shool built. Opened 4th May 1954.

1955 ( May) Bradford to Thornton Railway closed to passengers.

1959 Clayton House demolished.

1960 - 1961 St Anthony`s Roman Catholic Church built. Opened 27th July 1961. 1968 St Johns Vicarage demolished. Replaced by new one.

1968 Fire destroys large part of Beck Mill.

1970 Wesleyan Sunday School closes. New chapel opened 30th January 1971. 1971 Church of England first school built in Bradford Rd

1978 2nd April The Gospel Hall is gifted to a brethren assembly from Girlington who had lost their tenancy of Kensington Hall. Closed for refurbishment prior to reopening on Sunday 22nd October.

1979 (October) The Church Hall becomes Clayton Village Hall The Building was sold to the newly formed Clayton Community Association by Patchetts.

1981 New clubhouse built at Clayton Golf Club

1982 Methodists decide that the present Church is too old, too large and not suitable.

1982 - 1984 Baptist Church demolished and a new chapel built. Opened 1st September 1984.

August 1983 The foundation stone of Clayton Conservative Club replaced because the inscription had become illegible. Two cannisters containing copies of The Bradford Daily Telegraph, Yorkshire Post and the Bradford Observer, dated 20th August 1892 were discovered behind the stone.

May 1986 Permission obtained to demolish and rebuild the Methodist Church.

December 1987 New Methodist Chapel completed. The first service was held on Christmas Day.

1989 Thornton View Hospital closed and was put up for sale, but failed to sell .Grade 11 listed building.

October 1989 Tenth anniversary of Clayton Community Association and Village Hall.

March 1990 Clayton District Ward Profile Village of Clayton, Fairweather Green, Lower Grange Estate, Crossley hall, and Scholemoor. Population 14,465, with the population of Clayton 5,566

August 1990 three arched viaduct at Queensbury station demolished for safety reasons.

1991 Thornton view put up for sale again at a price of £600,000

November 1991 Thornton View purchased by Islamic Muslim Trust. To become a private Muslim girls school.

March 1992 Clayton Methododist. All debts regarding new church have been repaid.

June 1997 New Country Park completed at the site of Horton Bank Top Resevoir. Created and paid for by Yorkshire Water.

September 1997 Proposal to demolish Oak Mills, now owned by The britsh Wool marketing Board. A new estate comprising 60 three and four bedroom houses to be constructed.

July 1998 Urgent repairs required at Clayton Village Hall, expected to cost £ 50,000.

23rd July 1998 Centenary celebrations at Clayton Victoria Park.

October 1998 Clayton Middle School celebrates its centenary.

November 1998 Louis Flower celebrates 80 years as a choristor at St John's Parish Church.

June 1998 Demolishion of Oak Mills. Jacobs Croft and Pinfold estate built. Named after the land on which Clayton Liberal Club was built, and the location of Clayton's Pinfold.

April 1999 Valuable plate and cross stolen from the Parish Church. Recovered as they were offered for sale at John's St market.

April 1999 Clayton Middle school to be sold next year, because of switch to two tier education system. Clayton C of E school will be similarly closed and sold.

April 1999 Clayton population 6,996.

August 1999 Upper Syke and its grounds advertised for residential development by Bradford Council. Agitation and appeals by Clayton History Group managed to secure Upper Syke as a grade II listed building. Upper Syke was built by Joseph Benn in the 19th century.

March 2001 Proposal to develop GLENHOLME Alfred Wallis's victorian mansion into 8 two bedroomed flats and to build houses in the grounds and create a new doctors surgury.

June 2003 Plans submitted by United Cooperatives to demolish the former Clayton Board school and build a supermarket. Plans withdrawn after fierce opposition.

May 2005 Plans unveiled to build a housing project for the elderly in Clayton. A joint venture between Bradford Counciland the Methodist Homes Housing Association on the site of greenacres in Baldwin Lane.

April 2006 First viewing of the new appartments in development of former Board School now known as Chrisharben Court.

February 2006 The story of Albert Pierrpoint to be made into a film called The Last Executioner. See The Pierrepoint Page.

2013 Extension to Parish church OPENED


This line of clayton's started in Missouri, Maiden last names smith, absher,lawson, culbertson,herd. Clayton first name Lewis , James, Johnnie, Lee Roy, Elizabeth, Opal, Willis, Hillis, Roland, Lonnie, Cecil, Dolan, And 2 infant Clayton's poss death at Birth. I work with a clayton she does't not have internet access but has given me verbal permission to see if i could get information for her. Thank you for your interest and your time in this name. Please send info to my email and show as clayton please so i do not delete.

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261869261295 eBay item number for a family Bible that is associated with this family from 1800's

The Wolfe Family

Thomas Clayton Wolfe was born on October 3, 1900, the youngest of eight children to William Oliver Wolfe and Julia Elizabeth Westall. The family lived in a five-room house located at 92 Woodfin Street in Asheville, North Carolina. Wolfe later wrote about his memories of the roaring fires and sumptuous meals at his father’s home. In 1906, Julia Wolfe purchased the Old Kentucky Home boarding house, located two blocks away at 48 Spruce Street. Julia soon moved to the boardinghouse to manage the business and took six-year-old Tom to live in the house with her. Although the two houses were only a short distance apart, Wolfe felt separated from the rest of his family. Although he was allowed to spend days with his brothers and sisters at his father’s house, each night he was summoned by Julia back to the boarding house.


WO and Julia Wolfe 1900
courtesy of NCDCR

– Married in 1885
A turn-of-the-century image of Thomas Wolfe’s parents, William Oliver and Julia Westall Wolfe, dated to around the time Tom was born.

“…from the first, deeper than love, deeper than hate, as deep as the unfleshed bones of life, an obscure and final warfare was being waged between them.” Look Homeward, Angel.


Julia and Leslie ca. 1885-1886 Courtesy of the Pack Library

– Leslie’s Death
Julia Wolfe and her first-born child, Leslie E. Wolfe.
Nine months after W. O. and Julia were married, the first of eight Wolfe children was born. Sadly, Leslie lived just nine months before she died of infant cholera.

“The first, a girl, died…of infant cholera….” “The others outlived the grim and casual littering.” Look Homeward, Angel


Effie Nelson Wolfe (1887-1950)
Courtesy NCDAH

– Demure, Shy, Maidenly . . .
Effie was the oldest child in a large, rambunctious family, but described as quiet by nature. She was married at age 21 in the Old Kentucky Home and moved to South Carolina. She was portrayed as Daisy Gant in Look Homeward, Angel.

“She was a timid, sensitive girl, looking like her name – Daisy-ish industrious and thorough in her studies.” “…she had very little fire, or denial in her she responded dutifully to instruction she gave back what had been given to her. She played the piano without any passionate feeling for the music, but she rendered it honestly with a beautiful rippling touch.” Look Homeward, Angel


Frank Cecil Wolfe
Courtesy of NCDAH

– The Wandering Rebel . . .
As the oldest boy, a good deal of responsibility was placed on Frank’s shoulders at an early age. He was portrayed as Steve Gant in Look Homeward, Angel.

“Gant went almost daily to Elizabeth’s house in Eagle Crescent, whence he was delivered nightly by a band of exhausted and terrified prostitutes into the care of his son Steve….” “Son, said Elizabeth, shaking Gant’s waggling head vigorously, don’t you carry on, when you grow up, like the old rooster here. But he’s a nice old boy when he wants to be.’” Look Homeward, Angel.


Mabel Elizabeth Wolfe
Courtesy of the Pack Library
Image ca. 1914-1916

– The Dependable Performer . . .
Mabel took over the housekeeping at her father’s house on Woodfin Street when Julia was at the boardinghouse. She was frequently called into service at the boardinghouse as well. For several winters she escaped Asheville touring with a Vaudeville group. She was portrayed as Helen Gant in Look Homeward, Angel.

“Helen…a tall thin girl, with large hands and feet, big-boned, generous features, behind which the hysteria of constant excitement lurked. The bond between the girl and her father grew stronger every day….” “Her face was full of heartiness and devotion, sensitive, whole-souled, hurt, bitter, hysterical, but at times transparently radiant and handsome.” Look Homeward, Angel.


Grover Cleveland Wolfe
Courtesy NCDAH

The fifth and sixth of the Wolfe children were twins. Fond of politics, W. O. named his boys after the presidential candidates of 1892, Grover Cleveland and Benjamin Harrison Wolfe. In 1904 Julia opened a boardinghouse in St. Louis for the World’s Fair. Grover then 12 years old, contracted typhoid and died while the family was at St. Louis. He was portrayed as Grover Gant in Look Homeward, Angel.

“Eugene grew conscious of a gentle peering face, a soft caressing voice, unlike any of the others in kind and quality, a tender olive skin, black hair, sloeblack eyes, exquisite, rather sad, kindliness…” “This was Grover—the gentlest and saddest of the boys.”Look Homeward, Angel

Benjamin Harrison Wolfe
Courtesy NCDAH

Ben left school about eighth grade to work for the Asheville Citizen newspaper. During the influenza epidemic of 1918, he contracted pneumonia. He died in an upstairs bedroom of the Old Kentucky Home, one week short of his 26th birthday. He was portrayed as Ben Gant in Look Homeward, Angel.

“So, to Ben dead was given more care, more time, more money than had ever been given to Ben living….” “And as the wind howled in the bleak street, and Eliza wove a thousand fables of that lost and bitter spirit, the bright and stricken thing in the boy twisted about in horror, looking for escape from the house of death. No More! No More! You are alone. You are lost. Go find yourself, lost boy, beyond the hills.” Look Homeward, Angel.


Fredrick William Wolfe
Courtesy of the Pack Library

– The Salesman and the Sailor . . .

Fred was a good natured, outgoing “natural born salesman.” He lived a long and colorful life. As an adult, he settled in Spartanburg, South Carolina. Active in establishing the Thomas Wolfe Memorial Association in 1949, he remained involved with the Memorial until his death at the age of 85. He was portrayed as Luke Gant in Look Homeward, Angel.

“…his reputation for salesmanship was sown through the town he came with wide grin, exuberant vitality, wagging and witty tongue, hurling all his bursting energy into an insane extraversion. He lived absolutely in event: there was in him no secret place, nothing withheld and guarded—he had an instinctive horror of all loneliness Look Homeward, Angel.


Thomas Clayton Wolfe
Courtesy of the Pack Library

Tom, the youngest of the eight Wolfe children, was born October 3 rd , 1900. His mother was in her early forties and father over fifty. An avid reader, it was through books that Tom learned of the world beyond Asheville’s mountains. He was portrayed as Eugene Gant in Look Homeward, Angel.

“By 1900, Oscar Wilde and James A. McNeill Whistler had almost finished saying the things they were reported as saying, and that Eugene was destined to hear, twenty years later.” Look Homeward, Angel.

The material used in the “family section” is courtesy of the North Carolina Historic Sites web site.

The Thomas Wolfe Memorial
52 North Market Street
Asheville, NC 28801
(828) 253-8304

Introducing the Society’s YouTube Channel

We are pleased to announced the new Clayton Historical Society YouTube Channel, featuring a variety of videos on Clayton history, meetings past and present, and other interesting tidbits. We strive to digitize more of our collections as we preserve and promote Clayton’s history — especially during this time.

Clayton was once home to a thriving African-American neighborhood. Now, it’s little-known history.

Picture the affluent St. Louis suburb of Clayton. Great schools. Flourishing businesses. A lively restaurant scene.

But how Clayton came to be synonymous with such commercial affluence is entwined with a little-known part of the suburb’s history.

From the 1800s to the 1950s, Clayton was home to a flourishing African-American community. The area’s black residents were pushed out of the area through rigorous “urban renewal” zoning policy to make room construction of the vaunted commercial center of the suburb. The black community in Clayton all but disappeared.

The neighborhood was bounded by Hanley Road and Brentwood Boulevard, and even more densely populated between Hanley and Bemiston Avenue on Carondelet and Bonhomme avenues. Today, 8 percent of Clayton’s population is African-American.

A short documentary, part of the St. Louis Filmmakers Showcase is called “">Displaced & Erased” and it is bringing light to the history of the African-American community in Clayton, which has often been relegated to a single paragraph in a history book. Clayton High School and Washington University grad Emma Riley directed the film, which will be screened Thursday, July 20 at the Tivoli Theater.

The history of the community

“This black community was a part of Clayton from its beginnings,” Riley said. “The first postmaster of Clayton was black and there was an African-American school called Attucks Elementary. This community was a part of Clayton until the 1950s. Coinciding with the Brown v. Board of Education decision in 1954, people started to buy up properties and then the City Planning Commission of Clayton started talking about getting rid of this area and rezoning it for commercial purposes in 1958. This community was slowly displaced throughout the '50s and '60s and was virtually non-existent in the 1970s.”

The documentary features retired Clayton High School history teacher Donna Rogers-Beard, and represents a small part of the research she has been doing into the subject for the past several years.

Rogers-Beard said that, at its height, the community was home to more than 300 people. She’s been working on her research since 1991, combing through archives of the St. Louis Argus newspaper and conducting oral histories after learning more about the Attucks School at the Clayton School District’s 100th-anniversary party. She hopes to release a book about the subject in the coming years.

Both Riley and Rogers-Beard joined St. Louis on the Air host Don Marsh to discuss the history on Monday’s program. They were also joined by Rev. Doris Graham, who grew up in the historic African-American neighborhood and whose family was pushed out.

Memories of the neighborhood

Graham grew up in Clayton in the 1940s at 7730 Bonhomme Ave. with her mother and her mother’s sisters.

“Those were some of the best days of my life,” Graham said. “I went to Attucks School from kindergarten to third grade.”

Graham said that by the time she was in third grade, she had moved into St. Louis with her mother.

“I always kept in touch with my friends and family in Clayton, so when First Baptist Church of Clayton was told they had to move off of Brentwood Boulevard to make room for a high-rise, I’d hear from my aunt, a staunch member of that church who didn’t want to move,” Graham said.

That church began in 1893 and was eventually moved to Union Boulevard and Terry Avenue, in St. Louis. Now, that Clayton property is the site of Bethesda Barclay House, a residence for older adults.

“There’s just no evidence it existed,” Rogers-Beard said. “You have a whole community all the way to Hanley and, thank goodness, now we do have a plaque placed at the site of the old Attucks School.”

Why were people pushed out?

Clayton, Brentwood, Webster Groves and Kirkwood all had “urban renewal” zoning policies during the 1950s that pushed predominantly African-American communities out to make room for newer, commercial development. Rogers-Beard said that victims of these policies lost their homes over a period of 5-10 years.

“We see it first happening with property being bought and then, finally, zoning laws and eminent domain,” Rogers-Beard said.

Homeowners were paid for the property, but Riley said that payment doesn’t paint a full picture of the situation.

“If you look at what that property is worth now and what these people lost out on and the fact they didn’t want to leave, and I think that has implications for how wealth is transferred from generation to generation,” Riley said. “These weren’t just black people who were renting, they were property owners. So many people acquire wealth and come into wealth by transferring property down the line.”

Harland Bartholomew and Associates was the architectural planning firm responsible for presenting the plans to raze and commercialize the area of the African-American neighborhood. Riley said the firm was known nationwide as an organization that talked about the dangers of slums and made plans to replace housing for poor and predominantly black communities.

“That’s amazing because, where I lived, there were no slums up and down Bonhomme and Carondelet,” said Graham. “You know, people make up things to get what they want.”

Rogers-Beard said that in the 1800s, Clayton was actually ahead of its time because white and black students went to school together. It wasn’t until a newer school was built that African-American children were segregated into the one-room Attucks School, which was reintegrated in the 1950s.

Ironically, Clayton was one of the first school districts to become a part of the region’s voluntary desegregation program in the 1980s. Rogers-Beard would welcome African-American students who entered Clayton High School’s doors by saying, “Welcome home.”

“I would tell them: Clayton once had a black community, you are not the first.”

St. Louis on the Air brings you the stories of St. Louis and the people who live, work and create in our region. St. Louis on the Air host Don Marsh and producers Mary Edwards, Alex Heuer and Kelly Moffitt give you the information you need to make informed decisions and stay in touch with our diverse and vibrant St. Louis region.

Watch the video: Ο Ταίλερ Ψίθυρος Ντέιζι είναι ένοχος. (July 2022).


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