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Saranac III - History

Saranac III  - History


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Saranac III

(Mineplanter: dp. 5,150 (n.), 1. 375'; b. 42'; dph. 27'; dr. 18'6" (mean), s. 17 k.; cpl. 347; a. 1 5", 2 3",2 mg.)

The third Saranac (ID. No. 1702) was launched in 1899 as a coastwise steamer by the Delaware River Ship Building Co., Chester, Pa., and rebuilt in 1909 by the Newport News Shipbuilding Co., Newport News, Va. On 6 December 1917, she was acquired by the Navy under charter from the Old Dominion Line for which she had plied between New York and Norfolk as SS Hamilton. Renamed Saranac on acquisition, she was converted to a mineplanter at James Shewan and Sons' Repair Yard, South Brooklyn N.Y., and commissioned on 9 April 1918, Comdr. Sinclair Gannon in command.

Her conversion delayed by material shortages and labor problems, Saranac completed training and fitting out in May and June. On 16 June, she sailed for Scotland to participate in the laying of a proposed mine barrage between the Orkneys and Norway to close that avenue to the Atlantic and limit German U-boat activity to the North Sea. She arrived at Inverness on the 29th; and, on 14 July, headed for the minefield to plant 597 mines. Before the end of the month, she had completed a second excursion which brought her total to 1,177. During August, breakdowns in her mining apparatus and engineering plant precluded mining activities, but, in early September, she returned to the fields. On the 7th, she planted 600 mines and on the 20th added another 600.

On her third excursion into the barrage area during that month, 26 through 28 September, Saranac suffered her only loss of World War I. G.C. Anderson, BMC, went overboard when the inhaul wire of the port paravane parted on the afternoon of the 27th. All efforts to recover him were unsuccessful.

Between then and 26 October, when she planted her last mine, Saranac completed four excursions to the fields and laid another 2,445 mines. On 11 November she received word of the Armistice and soon thereafter prepared to return home. At the end of the month, she departed Inverness for Scapa Flow where her crew saw the surrendered German ships. On 8 December she began to make her way back to the United States. Steaming via English and Portuguese ports, she arrived in Hampton Roads, Va., on 3 January 1919, and later in the month moved up to the Philadelphia Navy Yard. There, on 19 March 1919, she was decommissioned and delivered to the United States Shipping Board for return to her owner.


Welcome to Saranac!

As I write this, everyone is hopeful that we are to the point the pandemic is abating. This experience helps us realize how good the old normal was. Summer is here and I expect that will help our outlook.

The Town is especially busy this year due to ongoing projects. Many of you have probably noticed the construction of our new sand and salt storage facility. You have probably observed the new area where the sand from the old sand pile is stored. That was just part of what the highway crew had to do to prepare for the new building. They also had to prepare a level site to exacting standards. The Highway Department did an outstanding job, including going below grade to an appropriate base level and then bringing the grade back up using material they were able to acquire from our pit on the Nashville Road. The material they found yielded excellent compaction results.

We are still trying to solve the issues concerning the proposed bridge on Square Dashnaw Road. We had insisted the project be put out to bid last year or in January 2021. The engineering design was not finished in time for that to occur. Bids were submitted in mid-April. Late bidding tends to raise costs, and the low bid put the project nearly $500,000 over budget. Most of this overage would have been borne by Town residents. The Board was extremely reluctant to accept the low bid. At crunch time, it was revealed the components would not be available during the timeframe work was allowed in the water. Our engineers had not made provisions for the work to continue into 2022, so we had no choice but to reject all bids. We continue to seek a viable solution to this issue.

Our streetlighting upgrade is nearing completion, which should result in significant savings going forward. Plans are being made for a structure on the Town Green, as well as for a possible veteran’s tribute there. We are also studying other upgrades at the Picketts Corners Park. We have re-seeded part of the lawn at the Town Hall, and I am very pleased that our flag is now lighted at night. We also expect our standby generator shortly.

One of our more mundane projects involved our computers. When I first arrived here, I was informed our computers were old and lacked necessary security. As I am not a computer buff, this was a trying issue for me. We now do have new computers capable of the level of security municipalities require.

One of my expectations when I arrived in this position was that I would hear a lot of complaints. That has not happened. We occasionally do receive complaints, but most are legitimate. This tells me we are a community of doers, not complainers. That being said, I do want to hear about your issues, even if they are complaints.

Staff WILL still be available to conduct business as normal via phone or email.

Mary Bell - Town Clerk [email protected] 518 293 6666 x.3

Meg Bobbin - Secretary to the Supervisor [email protected] 518 293 6666 x. 2

Tim Napper - Supervisor [email protected] 518 293 6666 x.1

BOARD MEETING ANNOUNCEMENT

Purpose: July 12 Work Session

Location: Town Hall at 6 pm

Purpose: Regular Meeting June 28

Location: Town Hall at 6 pm

We will be using our site to update our residents and neighbors on the goings on in our great Town. Here you will find many useful resources as well as information about our history. Enjoy our photo and video galleries. Check out our events, departments, forms and documents as well as the local business directory. We encourage you to attend our board meetings at 6:00 pm on the fourth Monday of each month at the Town Hall. Don't forget to follow us on Facebook.


Allen “Tom” T. Clement III

Allen Thomas Clement III “Tom” passed away peacefully listening to singer/songwriter Tom Rush’s “River Song” at Elderwood of Uihlein at Lake Placid on July 11, 2019. By his side were his son Josh Clement and lifelong friend Billy Allen.

Tom, or T.C., as many friends knew him, was born in Washington, D.C. and grew up on a farm in Maryland. After spending many summers in Saranac Lake he moved there full time, attending both his junior and senior years at the Saranac Lake High School. He graduated from there in 1971.

Tom loved boating on the Saranac River and chain of lakes. He spent considerable time with his beloved wife, Susan Corneau Clement, who predeceased him in 2008, soaking in the sounds of Adirondack nature at their camp on Papoose Island near Miller Pond (Oseetah). Throughout life’s trials and tribulations, the twosome were a true team, offering smiles to all who crossed their path.

Tom was an avid acoustic guitar player, counting Tom Rush, Bob Dylan, Don Williams, and Robbie Roberson as just a few of his many influences. He told his son, Josh, that just as Dylan went electric at the 1963 Newport Folk Festival, the younger Clement would one day go acoustic in Saranac Lake. He was right. Mostly. Tom always left a little wiggle room for error, often stating, “It’s good practice” .

Tom was a Major League Baseball fan, never missing a chance to catch his team, the Yankees, play. The Orioles hat he often wore was to fool the locals, who can be a bit rabid at times. Especially those pesky Cleveland fans. You know who you are!

Tom loved cats, although he didn’t much care for naming them. A few of his feline companions over the years were Mr. Cat, Mrs. Cat, Miss Kitty, and Mama.

Tom lived for laughs and possessed a sarcastic wit second to none. Those who crossed his path tell stories that may or may not be true. Tom would say, “If that’s how they remember it, who am I to say different? A good time was had by all!” Although Tom had many friends, two would leave him smiling just knowing they made the obituary. Rick Knobel and Billy Allen were brothers forever and always. (Ask Billy about the infamous trip he and T.C. made to Summer Jam at Watkins Glen on July 28, 1973.)

Survivors include Tom’s son, Josh Clement, from his first marriage to Nancy Dufort Henry Josh’s wife, Holly, and their two children, Colton and Lennon of Bloomingdale sister Kathleen Clement (Jerry Jordan) of Parks, Arizona sister Mary Clement Gunion (Bob Richter) of Ocean City, Maryland and Berne, N.Y. and nieces Laura Gunion, Molly Gunion, and Sarah Gunion.

Those wishing to remember Tom and raise one in his honor can join family and friends for a Happy Hour reception 3 to 7 p.m. Monday, Sept. 9 at The Downhill Grill in Saranac Lake.

Tom was a man who liked to get in the last word from time to time. Picture him yelling these words as he waves goodbye from his doorstep on Pontiac Street. “If I don’t see you in the future, I’ll see you in the pasture!”

Funeral arrangements are in care of the Fortune-Keough Funeral Home in Saranac Lake.


Contents

The Rocket III Project started in 1998 led by Triumph Product Range Manager Ross Clifford and started with a lot of research – especially in the US, where big cruisers were selling well. [4] The main competitors were the Harley-Davidson Ultraglide and the Honda Gold Wing so the initial idea was to develop a 1,600 cc performance cruiser.

The in-house designer was John Mockett, [5] designer of the Hesketh V1000, the Tiger and the new "retro" Bonneville. He started work with David Stride, Gareth Davies and Rod Scivyer working around an in-line three cylinder engine. At the start of the project an in-line four and V6 engine configurations were looked at but the longitudinally mounted triple design led to the design concept code named C15XB Series S1.

Mockett experimented with 'futuristic' styling that included "raygun" mufflers and a large chrome rear mudguard, but consumer focus groups did not like it. The S2 model was a simplified version with a more traditional rear mudguard and several features that were to make it through to the final design. Once again, the feedback from market research was that it was still too radical so the lines were simplified and smoothed out to create the Series S3.

Part of the reason for the secrecy was competition from other manufacturers. Yamaha had launched the 1,670 cubic centimetres (102 cu in) Road Star Warrior in 2002, and Honda had launched the VTX1800, so Triumph decided to up the ante and go for a displacement of 2,294 cc.

The first engine was built in summer 2002 and tested in the autumn. Twin butterfly valves for each throttle body were used to increase control and allow the ECU to vary the mixture flow and ignition map according to the gear selected and speed. The specification of twin spark plugs per cylinder and multi-hole fuel injectors by Mark Jenner (fuelling, ignition and emission design engineer) allowed the Rocket III to meet the Euro IV emissions limits at launch. The torque curve is modified for each gear ratio, enabling over 90% of the engine’s torque output at 2,000 rpm, giving the high levels of flexibility that the designers needed. The 1,500 W starter motor on the Rocket III puts out as much power as the engine on the very first Triumph motorcycle, Siegfried Bettmann's 1902 1.75 horsepower (1.30 kW) single. [6]

The final design of the S3 prototype had a large tubular steel twin-spine frame, designed by James Colbrook. [7] Andy Earnshaw was responsible for designing the gearbox and shaft drive to a 240/50ZR16 bike specific rear tyre. High specification front brakes were Daytona 955i twin four-piston callipers with 320 mm floating discs and the rear brake, developed specifically for the purpose, was a single twin piston calliper and 316 mm disc. Ride handling is controlled by purpose built rear shocks and a Triumph first, 43 mm 'inverted' front forks. [6]

In 2003, the prototype was renamed the 'Rocket', following market research, continuing the heritage of the BSA Rocket 3/Triumph Trident motorcycles. It was unveiled in the US on 20 August 2003, in San Antonio, Texas. [8] The Rocket's European launch was at the International Motorcycle Show in Milan, Italy on 16 September 2003. Sold in the UK from the spring of 2004, it was awarded 'Machine of the Year' by Motor Cycle News at the 2004 NEC Motorcycle Show. The Australian launch was in Sydney in August 2004, with 230 deposits taken before any had been shipped into the country. [9]

In 2018, Mark Holmes, known for long distance motorcycle riding became the first person to circumnavigate the world on a Triumph Motorcycles Ltd Rocket III. Mark rode a limited edition Rocket X, number 190 / 500, departing from London on 1st. April 2017, and returning on 22nd. August 2018. He covered nearly 39,000 miles, over 5 continents, in 506 days. [10] [11] [12]

Despite extensive market research, the Rocket III has had difficulty finding its niche. Originally intended to break into the US's lucrative cruiser market, the Triumph struggled to find acceptance among Harley-Davidson's ultra-traditional riders, who have barely come to terms with Harley-Davidson's own V-Rod. [13] The 2009 Thunderbird competes more successfully with Harley-Davidson bikes. [14] Triumph is spreading its focus: the Rocket III is now in the "musclebike" and "streetfighter" market, where the Yamaha V-Max has found success, [13] [15] while the Rocket III Touring is making inroads to the market for large touring machines. [14]

"Motor Cycle News" said of the Rocket III: "It is the biggest, most bad-ass motorcycle money can buy. The Triumph Rocket III is an incredible experience and bravo to Triumph for making it. Compared to a Harley, the Rocket III is a steal. It’s better braked, faster, handles better and it’s British. Secondhand values remain high and providing you keep to 3-4000 miles a year it won’t depreciate faster than a Harley, either". [16]

Rocket III Edit

The original model was released in 2004. This model trim is no longer available. The Rocket III Roadster is now the only version available. This model was awarded Motorcycle Cruiser magazine's 2004 Bike of the Year, Motorcyclist's 2004 Cruiser of the Year, and Cruising Rider magazine 2005 Bike of the Year. [17] This model is the newest exhibit at the UK National Motorcycle Museum.

Rocket III Classic Edit

Introduced in 2006, the Classic version has rider floorboards, different shaped silencers (mufflers) and 'pullback' handlebars. More colour choices were added and the pillion seat was modified to improve comfort.

In June 2007, Triumph used 'viral marketing' to promote the Rocket III Classic by posting a well-made spoof production video to YouTube and bike enthusiast websites, [18] As of September 2012 [update] , the video had more than 1.2 million views. [19]

Rocket III Roadster Edit

The 2010 Roadster is the most powerful bike in the Rocket III line-up, with a claimed 163 lb⋅ft (221 N⋅m) torque and 146 bhp (109 kW) power, as well as a dual exhaust, one per side, instead of the previous 2 and 1 layout. Triumph calls it "the ultimate muscle streetfighter". [20]

Rocket III Tourer Edit

The short-lived 2007 Tourer Limited Edition Model was just a Classic Model with the addition of a windscreen, panniers (saddlebags), backrest and luggage rack from the factory, and a choice of two-tone paint schemes

Rocket III Touring Edit

Triumph began developing the Rocket III Touring version in February 2004 following the launch of the original model, to target the large cruiser market which represents 50% of all US motorcycle sales. [21] As well as a new design for the steel frame and swinging arm, the Touring model has more torque at lower revs – 150 lb-ft at 2500 rpm, but less horsepower at the top end 106 hp (79 kW) @ 6,000 rpm (claimed). [2] New features include tank mounted instruments and a scrolling switch on the handlebar to set the clock and indicate fuel ranges. [22] The five-spoke design used on the Rocket III was replaced with billet aluminium slotted wheels and narrower tyres were specified to improve steering with a 180/70 x 16 rear tyre to make it easier to fit detachable panniers that come as standard, together with a removable windscreen and Kayaba rear shock absorbers. The Rocket III Touring was discontinued in 2017.


Welcomed for the cure

According to a recent documentary on tuberculosis, "The Forgotten Plague: The Deadly Story of Tuberculosis and the Hunt for a Cure," this disease had an extraordinary lethality. It has killed one out of seven people who have ever lived.

Ironically, the discovery that tuberculosis was caused by a bacteria offered the first hope of discovering a cure, but also a sudden new stigma placed on its victims. Patients were looked upon as sources of infection, and turned into pariahs in their home towns. But in Saranac Lake, the town-wide health regulations keep contagion to an extraordinary minimum, and people were not afraid. Everyone, from all walks of life, mingled freely with each other and with the townspeople.

Different cure cottages developed a reputation for cooking the food, speaking the language, and otherwise catering to the needs and preferences of certain kinds of clientele from all over the world. At Ramsey Cottage, black patients came from all walks of life staff members from wealthy families, urban laborers and rural farm hands, and West Indians in need of a cure. Their Thursday night buffets were legendary, drawing chauffeurs and cooks and other servants from the Great Camps in the area.

Hall Cottage was the residence of Bill and Sadie Hall. While some of the history of their cure cottage is unclear, Sadie was part of the staff who served the wealthy Palmer family of St. Louis. The family moved to a mansion to be with a son who was curing. Their lady's maid set up separate housekeeping to allow her husband to work as a much sought-after caterer for well-off families in the area. Their home became a meeting place for all the black people of the village, patients, and townspeople alike. They are universally remembered as people whose hearts and home were open to all. For years, their New Year's feast was open to everyone in the neighborhood.

In other states, the races were strictly segregated in curing facilities, even though health officials knew all citizens would have to be treated in order to curb the White Plague. But in Saranac Lake, this was not a practice, no more so than the other cure facilities which catered to those with a background from Greece or Italy, factory work or show business. In fact, because of Dr. E. L. Trudeau's humanitarian outlook and worldwide reputation, many prominent doctors and scientists trained in Saranac Lake. They then carried this egalitarian attitude into their work in other parts of the United States, demanding equal treatment for all their patients.


History of Saranac Lake high schools

Well, I’d better qualify that title. This column will not cover the history of the present high school at 79 Canaras Ave. Freshmen students from the former high school at 141 Petrova Ave. entered the new high school in 1970. The last graduating class from the Petrova school was 1969.

Now stick with me here … this column was prompted when I heard a couple of young people in Tops Market say, “Hey, that guy will know the answer.” They came up to me and asked, “Why was Petrova Avenue named Petrova?” I quickly told them the story, and they went on their way.

History is so quirky and inaccurate, and so, for the very first time ever, right here in this space we are telling the absolutely straight, honest-to-God story of the first two high schools in Saranac Lake. There have been bits and pieces of that story in previous columns, but here it is all under one newspaper roof.

This first high school, located at 100 Main St., site of today’s Hotel Saranac, was dedicated in 1890 by President Benjamin Harrison, our 23rd president and the grandson of our ninth president, William Henry Harrison. The last graduating class of 30 students was in 1924.

I doubt if any POTUS has ever dedicated a small-town high school anywhere in the United States. How did that ever happen in Saranac Lake?

Well, I am glad you asked. I turn to my dear readers to clear up all mysteries. So here is the answer from Henry D. “Buz” Graves Jr., who lives just outside the village on Trudeau Road.

Levi P. Morton was President Harrison’s vice president, serving from 1889 to 1893. Mr. Morton built the historic Adirondack great camp on Eagle Island in 1903.

Petrova school, 1948, dedicated 1925

The camp was sold to Henry Graves Jr. and his wife Florence in 1910.

That, dear readers, is the very short version of the story as to how President Harrison ended up dedicating the first Saranac Lake High School … and for once, a vice president got to do something big and create a bit of Saranac Lake history.

I have a very tattered copy of The Enterprise dated Wednesday, Feb. 18, 1925, with page 1 filled with stories about the opening of the new high school on Petrova Avenue.

Over the years, many stories circulated about Ms. Petrova, a famous Russian ballerina, dancing on the stage of the Petrova school.

Well, it turns out that she was not Russian and she was not a dancer. Her name was Muriel Harding she was born in Tur Brook, England, in 1884 and died in Clearwater, Florida, in 1977 at age 93.

She came to the United States at a young age, became a famous actress, starred in more than two dozen movies, wrote the script for several others and wrote three plays. Her studio billed her as a Polish-born Russian aristocrat. She published her autobiography, “Butter My Bread,” in 1942.

She arrived in Saranac Lake in 1921, touring with a theater group for a special event as the guest of William Morris, who owned the biggest theatrical agency in the United States. He had a big, beautiful home on the shores of Lake Colby known as Camp Intermission.

She was so famous the street and school carried her “stage” name. (See photo.)

“NEW HIGH SCHOOL IS LAUNCHED WITH GLOWING PRAISE”

“With the appropriate ceremony in the presence of nearly one thousand persons, the new school building to house the Saranac Lake Junior and Senior High schools was dedicated on Monday evening.

“Dr. Frank P. Graves, state education commissioner, who was to have delivered the address was detained in Albany by an imperative legislative conference.

“Dr. James Sullivan, Deputy Commissioner, represented the education department at the exercise.

“The setting for the event was the new auditorium, which forms a part of the new school plant and which is to be available for many community purposes as well as for the use of the school. The stage was banked with evergreens, and with the Board of Education and speakers of the evening were seated the members of the teaching and supervisory staff, also the architects and the builder.”

Most of the story is missing, with Dr. Sullivan’s speech, but here is the lead:

“Citing examples in politics of superficial thinking [gee, sounds like today], Dr. Sullivan urges upon modern schools the teaching of future generations to think things through.

“This was Dr. Sullivan’s theme in the dedication address delivered by him at the formal dedication of Saranac Lake’s new $650,000 [the present high school which opened 45 years later cost $4 million] public school plant in the new auditorium.”

[Dr. Sullivan is probably another relative of my cousin, Beth Sullivan Bevilacqua, the right-hand woman to Harrietstown Supervisor Mike Kilroy.]

More presentations at the new school were featured on page 1:

“Operetta Packs New Auditorium — Over Thousand Folk Are Delighted by Artistry of School Children — ‘Hiawatha’s Childhood’ is Charmingly Depicted in Song, Dance and Story.”

“Present Comedy at New School — Junior Class to Appear in Play, ‘Come Out of the Kitchen’ begins at eight o-clock this evening. A comedy in three acts by A. E. Thomas, it is the dramatic offering of the week in the new auditorium in a varied program of events in connection with the dedication of the new building.”

Of course, the school became more famous in 1948 when I was in the graduating class.


Saranac Lake centennial section (Friday, May 1, 1992)

We are closing out the five-Saturday month of May column with excerpts from a very ambitious and colorful, 32-page special tabloid publication of the Enterprise.

It is always a chore to take out my jackknife and whittle down such a big chunk of wonderful Saranac Lake history to a few hundred words and a couple of pictures.

Activities for centennial week

The ornate and stately building adorned with a steeple and massive fire escapes was the Saranac Lake High School, now the location of the beautiful Hotel Saranac. The last class of 31 students graduated from the school in 1924. It was then torn down to build the hotel.

“The Adirondack Singers will open the week with a concert at St. Bernard’s Church followed by the Centennial Dinner hosted by the Women’s Civic Chamber at the Elks Club.

“A special Teacher Appreciation Night is scheduled to take place on Monday, May 4th at the Harrietstown Hall.

“Saranac Lake’s unique history will be dramatized in a series of readings at the Pendragon Theatre on Tuesday, May 5th.

“The United States Postal Service will be setting up an auxiliary post office at the Harrietstown Town Hall offering a one-day only Centennial postal cancellation on May 6th.

“That same evening the Saranac Lake High School stage band and choir will be giving a concert at the town hall under the direction of Fred Baker. The choir will perform under the direction of Helen Demong.

“The Hotel Saranac of Paul Smith’s College will be hosting its traditional Thursday night buffet in the ballroom of the hotel.

“Centennial celebrators will return to the Hotel Saranac on May 8th as the ballroom will be transformed into a 1940’s style night club. The ‘Uptown Lounge’ will feature a variety of entertainment including the mirthful magic of Bo Jest, the Kosmic Konjurer the jazz and swing music of the 52nd Street Band vocalist Helen Demong pianist Tommie Gallagher and guitarist Curt Stager and other performances.

“The remainder of the week is jammed with paddling events on Lake Flower all the way to Lower Saranac there will be an all-day musical festival in Riverside Park with a variety of food vendors followed by a full London broil and chicken dinner from 4:30 to 7:30 p.m.

“There will also be many Centennial souvenirs including a commemorative booklet, T-shirts, sweatshirts and beach towels.

“Centennial concludes with a gala fireworks display over Lake Flower at dusk, sponsored by Marine Midland Bank.

“In addition to these special events, downtown storefronts will feature a photographic history of Saranac Lake’s shopping district, and citizens photo show will be held in the Cantwell Room of the Saranac Lake Free Library.”

Saranac Lake village landscape

I love this (edited) description of the physical layout of Saranac Lake by reporter Matthew Russell:

“Nestled in a narrow valley astride a shallow man-made lake, this Adirondack Village has long been one of the largest population centers in the Park, home to a few thousand hardy souls accustomed to the region’s interminable winters and resplendent summers.

“The village was built on both sides of the Saranac River, bounded on the north by Mount Pisgah, to the east by Mount Baker, and the hills around McKenzie Pond and to the west by Dewey Mountain and Ampersand Bay.

“The community has spread out to cover most of the valley floor, along the buildable hillsides and shorelines …”

Here are a few of the advertisers who disappeared over the past 29 years: Newman & Holmes, The Back Door, Currier Press, Snap Shot Photo, Club 86, Post Office Pharmacy, The Bakery Cafe, Pickreign Plumbing & Heating, Sentinel View Stables, The Porches Bed & Breakfast, Meyer Drugs, Gendron Lumber, Duso Sales & Service, XTC Ranch and the Hathaway Boat Shop.


About Saranac Lake

Saranac Lake is a village of five thousand, located near the center of the Adirondacks. This wiki covers the neighboring communities that make up the Saranac Lake Central School District. These communities share much of the history of the "outdoor life" of the region for both work and recreation, going back to the early nineteenth century. In the late nineteenth century, Saranac Lake became an internationally known center for treating tuberculosis, a contagious disease that afflicted people in the prime of life, and killed many of those who contracted it. That history profoundly affected the village and its surrounding area, from its architecture to the astonishing variety of people who were drawn here in hope of a cure, many of whom stayed on. For a time it was also a center for winter sports, hosting international competitions well before nearby Lake Placid hosted the 1932 Winter Olympics. See also: A History of Saranac Lake and Saranac Lake Timeline.


Straight out of the san

Enter the concept of the Sanitarium Chair, which had its origins in Germany, at Dr. Brehmer's sanatorium. The young Dr. Peter Dettweiler was a patient there, and he came up with a combination bed and chair that helped make the enforced bed rest more comfortable.

Dr. Lawrason Brown was so impressed with the idea he brought the design into the Trudeau Sanitarium, where he was Resident Physician, and reworked it into the Adirondack Recliner.

In the April 23, 1904 edition of "The Lancet," D. Lloyd Smith of Manchester Sanatorium, Bowdon, Cheshire, described how he had visited sanitariums in Germany and Switzerland in search of a useful sanitarium chair "which might be adapted to any patient." He pointed out that the original design, which had woven cane backs and seats, was not very durable, and the reweaving was time-consuming and expensive. He described a chair with an iron framework and a one piece "wire mattress" with further padding of thick felt "of the kind used by acrobats."

While innovation was taking place in Great Britain, Dr. Brown was working with George Stark to create a curing chair which could take on the complex demands of supporting the patient, keeping items close to hand, and be suitable for both indoor and outdoor use. With the addition of strategic casters, the cure chair could be rolled into and out of bedrooms and porches.

Patients were encouraged to spend as much time out-of-doors as possible.

Fresh air was considered to be so important the publication of the Anti-Tuberculosis Campaign was named the "Journal of the Outdoor Life." An article in Volume 18 (January 1921) stated that:

George L. Starks & Company, of Saranac Lake, has received an order from the United States Public Health Service for 1,000 of their 'Rondack Reclining Chairs. After receiving bids on 100 reclining chairs of various styles, the United States Public Health Service chose the 'Rondack Recliner because of its advantages over any other reclining chair manufactured in the United States. The chair in its present form has been developed during the past twenty years from the experience of the doctors in Saranac Lake, who have specialized in the treatment of tuberculosis and from the requirements of the health-seekers whose physical condition demanded the maximum amount of rest and comfort. Mr. Starks has recently invented and had patented a knee adjuster which enables the patient to change the position of the knees and the entire body by simply moving a lever.

Tuberculosis patients would rest as much and as long as it took to get them better. which could be measured in years. To spend their waking, and even some of their sleeping, time in one piece of furniture meant that the cure chair had to be well-built and durable.

Local companies were formed to meet this demand. Especially The Adirondack Hardware Company.


Discover these historic golf resorts for experienced and beginner golfers.

100 Main Street Saranac Lake, New York 12983

The original property opened in 1927. A member of Historic Hotels of America since 1998.


Watch the video: Town of Saranac, NY - Pt 1 History (May 2022).